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24/07/2024

Green Crescent Addiction Prevention Practitioner Training Program was held for Country Green Crescents!

The International Federation of Green Crescent hosted an online training session regarding the Green Crescent Addiction Prevention Practitioner Training Program for Country Green Crescents from July 24-26. Expert volunteers from 19 countries, including Austria, Azerbaijan, Botswana, Palestine, Gambia, South Africa, Kyrgyzstan, TRNC, North Macedonia, Malaysia, Nepal, Nigeria, Pakistan, Rwanda, Serbia, Somalia, Tanzania, Greece and Zimbabwe, participated in the training program. By the end of the program, 50 participants earned certification as Green Crescent Addiction Prevention Training Program practitioners.

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MEDICAL TREATMENT

Determining the need for medical support involves several factors and individuals may be directed to addiction treatment centers in hospitals as deemed necessary. Country Green Crescents, operating under the International Federation of Green Crescent, actively monitor pilot initiatives in medical treatment and continue efforts to expand them locally.

Treatment for Addiction

Determining the need for medical support involves several factors and individuals may be directed to addiction treatment centers in hospitals as deemed necessary. Country Green Crescents, operating under the International Federation of Green Crescent, actively monitor pilot initiatives in medical treatment and continue efforts to expand them locally.

Research confirms that addiction is a multifaceted brain disease encompassing psychological, physiological and social dimensions. Treatment for addiction is often likened to a three-legged stool, with each leg representing essential pillars: medical support, psychological support and social support. Any absence of these pillars can complicate the treatment process. The primary objective of addiction treatment is the cessation of substance use and the implementation of preventive measures to avert relapse. During the period of substance cessation, individuals typically endure withdrawal symptoms for about 0-1 month.

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The detoxification process, which aims to alleviate withdrawal symptoms and diminish substance cravings, relies heavily on medical support. When assessing the need for medical support, several factors come into play, including the presence and severity of withdrawal symptoms, the existence of significant physical or mental health conditions, frequency of substance use and short intervals between cessation attempts, prior unsuccessful treatment endeavors, the susceptibility of the individual's environment to alcohol/substance use, challenges in orientation regarding location, direction and time as well as the history of epileptic seizures. 

Withdrawal symptoms can vary depending on the type of substance used and any accompanying psychiatric disorders. For instance, individuals undergoing withdrawal may experience symptoms such as sweating, tremors, muscle and joint pain, abdominal discomfort, tension, restlessness and insomnia. Medical support plays a crucial role in managing these symptoms effectively. Following an assessment of symptoms and other relevant factors, individuals may be referred to addiction treatment centers in hospitals, where psychiatrists may prescribe substitution therapies based on the substance used. Additionally, the presence of a social support specialist throughout the treatment process can significantly enhance the effectiveness of medical treatment.

Medical Treatment Processes:

  • Withdrawal Period (0-1 month): This stage marks the initial phase after individuals stop using alcohol or drugs. During the first month without substance use, they may experience physical and psychological withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms can vary from person to person, with some experiencing more intense physical symptoms while others may experience more intense psychological symptoms. Seeking medical support to assess these withdrawal symptoms, coupled with psychological and medical treatments, will gradually alleviate and diminish these symptoms, enabling individuals to resume their lives with less disruption.
  • Early Recovery Period (1-3 months): This stage signifies a time when withdrawal symptoms have diminished or ceased and individuals no longer feel compelled to use alcohol or drugs. However, they may mistakenly believe they have fully recovered and no longer require treatment, potentially overlooking certain risky situations. During this stage, individuals should be informed about these situations. In addition, individuals may also experience fatigue, lethargy and feelings of depression.
  • Prolonged Recovery Period (3-6 months): This stage is characterized by uncertainty for individuals who have structured much of their lives around addiction and may struggle to navigate life without addictive behaviors. They may experience feelings of dissatisfaction, anhedonia and emptiness. It is a period when they may be vulnerable to relapse behaviors and thoughts that could lead to alcohol or drug use. Active participation in self-help groups and continued psychosocial support can aid individuals in navigating this period more comfortably.
  • Restructuring Phase (6 months and beyond): During this phase, individuals in recovery move beyond previous stages and embark on the final stage of restructuring, where they begin to form new friendships and interests, thus creating a new lifestyle. Additionally, they may seek employment during this phase. Essentially, in this phase, individuals move away from many withdrawal symptoms and feelings of longing for the past, replacing them with new and healthy habits to fill certain gaps.
  • Finally, the recovery process involves individuals gaining a better understanding of themselves, recognizing the factors contributing to substance use and acquiring skills to intervene. The gains made during the recovery process are crucial for preventing relapse after treatment.

How Does Green Crescent Counseling Center (YEDAM) Support Medical Treatment?

Green Crescent Counseling Center (YEDAM), a service provided by the Turkish Green Crescent Society, primarily offers psychosocial support to individuals with addiction and their families, without providing medical detoxification or medical support services. If there is a need for medical treatment, individuals are assessed and referred to other appropriate institutions accordingly.

Criteria for medical support:

  • If there are any withdrawal symptoms and if their severity, frequency and impact on daily life are increasing,
  • If there is a significant and clear physical and/or mental disease,
  • If substance use is frequent and withdrawal periods are short,
  • If previous outpatient treatments have been unsuccessful,
  • If the individual is living in an environment suitable for alcohol/substance use (such as their surroundings, occupation, etc.),
  • If there is heroin or similar substance use involved,
  • If the individual is experiencing confusion or reports confusion at home (such as loss of orientation in place, direction and time),
  • If there is a history of epileptic (seizure) episodes,
  • If there has been a history of delirium tremens.

In such cases, individuals are referred to an Alcohol and Substance Treatment Center (AMATEM). It is essential for a Social Services Specialist to accompany individuals referred for medical support, as they ensure the seamless integration of treatment processes with YEDAM by overseeing their hospital procedures.

More Latest News

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The International Federation of Green Crescent recently held its inaugural webinar, titled "The Art of Fundraising," as part of its Capacity Building Program. This initiative aims to help Country Green Crescents more effectively access international and regional funding sources. The webinar, held on December 21, 2023, brought together 55 representatives from 24 countries and featured insights from five distinguished speakers across two sessions. The first session, "Fundraising Strategies and Opportunities for NGOs", included presentations by Matej Kosir from UTRIP and Jan Peloza from Impact Hub. The second session, "Empowering Fundraising Capacity in NGOs," featured a presentation by Dr. Mohammed Tariq Sonnan from UNODC. This was followed by exchanging experience from Dr. Ahmed Fairuz Bin Mohamed, President of Green Crescent Malaysia; Dr. Tajudeen Abiola, Secretary General of Green Crescent Nigeria; and Dr. Mousa Daoud, President of Green Crescent Jordan. In a poignant moment during the program, we honored Dr. Omar Farwana, President of Green Crescent Palestine, who tragically lost his life along with his family during the Gaza attacks on October 15. A commemoration speech and a short film were presented in his memory. The International Federation of Green Crescent will continue its webinar series under the Capacity Building Program, aiming to guide and support Country Green Crescents in effectively utilizing international and regional funding sources and enhancing their overall capacities.

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